This section of the Israel Scientix site provides basic information about the country. Interested parties from abroad will find here information related to Science and Technology in Israel and a focus on STEM education: institutions and officer, events, initiatives, projects.
Israel participates in the EU RTD Framework Program since FP4 (1994-1998). Its research institutions, industry and NGOs have been a very successful partners in this and other EU initiatives. Here we seek to facilitate the increase the extent of such cooperation in the areas of STEM education.
Excerpts from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israel .See also:
Education in Israel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Israel
Science and Technology in Israel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_technology_in_Israel
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem is its most populous city and capital; Israel's economic center is Tel Aviv.
The sovereign territory of Israel, excluding all territories captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, is approximately 20,770 square kilometers (8,019 sq mi) in area, of which two percent is water. Despite its small size, Israel is home to a variety of geographic features, from the Negev desert in the south to the inland fertile Jezreel Valley, mountain ranges of the Galilee, Carmel and toward the Golan in the north. The Israeli Coastal Plain on the shores of the Mediterranean is home to 57 percent of the nation's population. East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley,
On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a partition plan of Mandatory Palestine. On 14 May 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel," a state independent upon the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine, 15 May 1948.
In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish and Democratic State. Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. Israel is a developed country and an OECD member, with the 43rd-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2012.
The population of Israel, was estimated in 2014 (by the Central Bureau of Statistics) to be 8,146,300 people. It is the world's only Jewish-majority state; 6,110,600 citizens, or 75.3% of Israelis, are Jewish. The country's second largest group of citizens is the Arabs, with 1,686,000 people (including the Druze and most East Jerusalem Arabs). The great majority of Israeli Arabs are settled Muslims, with smaller but significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins; others are Christians and Druze.